The book on Vedic Mathematics written by Jagadguru Swami Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji Maharaja (Sankaracharya of Govardhana Matha, Puri, Orissa, India), General Editor, Dr. V.S. Agrawala.
Before discussing the Vedic Mathematics, we give a brief sketch of Sri Bharati Krsna Tirthaji.
He was born on 14th March 1884 to highly learned and pious parents. His father Sri P Narasimha Shastri was in service as a Tahsildar at Tinnivelly (Madras Presidency) and later retired as a Deputy Collector. His uncle, Sri Chandrasekhar Shastri was the principal of the Maharajas College, Vizianagaram and his great grandfather was Justice C. Ranganath Shastri of the Madras High Court.
Born Venkatraman he grew up to be a brilliant student and invariably won the first place in all the subjects in all classes throughout his educational career. During his school days, he was a student of National College Trichanapalli; Church Missionary Society College, Tinnivelli and Hindu College Tinnivelly in Tamil Nadu. He passed his matriculation examination from the Madras University in 1899 topping the list as usual. His extraordinary proficiency in Sanskrit earned him the title “Saraswati” from the Madras Sanskrit Association in July 1899. After winning the highest place in the B.A examination Sri Venkataraman appeared the M.A. examination of the American College of Sciences, Rochester, New York from the Bombay center in 1903. His subject of examination was Sanskrit, Philosophy, English, Mathematics, History and Science. He had a superb retentive memory.
He was interested in Adhyatma vidya, and led him to Sringeri math in 1908.
In 1911 he could not anymore resist his burning desire for spiritual knowledge, practice and attainment and therefore, tearing himself off suddenly from the work of teaching, he went back to Sri Satcidananda Sivabhinava Nrisimha Bharati Swami at Sringeri. He spent the next eight years in the profoundest study of the most advanced Vedanta Philosophy and practice of the Brahmasadhana. On 4th July 1919 he took Sanyasa at Varanasi with new name as Swami Bharti Krsna Theerthaki. In 1921 he was installed on the pontifical throne of Sharada Peetha
Sankaracharya and later in 1925 he became the pontifical head of Sri Govardhan Math Puri where he served the remainder of his life spreading the holy spiritual teachings of Sanatana Dharma. In 1957, when he decided finally to undertake a tour of the USA he rewrote from his memory the present volume of Vedic Mathematics giving an introductory account of the sixteen formulae reconstructed by him. This is the only work on mathematics that has been left behind by him. Swamiji came back to India in May 1958,and his health was deteriorated continuously and took Samadhi on 2nd Feb 1960.
Vedic Sutras and Upa sutras